00403 - Mourning Becomes Electra d’Eugene O’Neill: Èsquil i Plató per a crear un drama fosc?

00403 - Mourning Becomes Electra d’Eugene O’Neill: Èsquil i Plató per a crear un drama fosc?
Mida:
619.64 kB
Autor:
Pau Gilabert Barberà
Data:
01 Gener 2011
Descàrregues:
28 x

Key words: Eugene O’Neill, Mourning Becomes Electra, Aeschylus, Plato’s cave, classical tradition, American literature

The fundamental debt of E. O’Neill’s Mourning Becomes Electra to Aeschylus, and to a lesser degree to Sophocles and Euripides, has been always recognised but, according to the author’s hypothesis, O’Neill might have taken advantage of the Platonic image of the cave in order to magnify his both Greek and American drama. It is certainly a risky hypothesis that stricto sensu cannot be proved, but it is also reader’s right to evaluate the plausibility and the possible dramatic benefit derived from such a reading. Besides indicating to what degree some of the essential themes of Platonic philosophy concerning darkness, light or the flight from the prison of the material world are not extraneous to O’Neill’s work, the author proves he was aware of the Platonic image of the cave thanks to its capital importance in the work of some of his intellectual mentors such as F. Nietzsche or Oscar Wilde. Nevertheless, the most significant aim of the author’s article is to emphasize both the dramatic benefits and the logical reflections derived, as said before, from reading little by little O’Neill’s drama bearing in mind the above mentioned Platonic parameter.